• strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/baykush/www.grafitas.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/baykush/www.grafitas.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/baykush/www.grafitas.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/baykush/www.grafitas.com/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/baykush/www.grafitas.com/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/baykush/www.grafitas.com/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.


my kink is fictional couples protecting each other not because one is ‘weaker’ (ie the female character) but because they’re both completely equal and their first instinct is to protect each other


Syntax by Giuseppe Gallo

Posters Serie - Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) Architecture

Here we present a series of nine posters created to stimulate reflection on the use of syntax in Architecture. For each of them we were inspired by the architecture of Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), where syntax between individual elements arises from responses to functional problems, characterizing or generating new formal solutions.

The widespread use of digital tools has changed the architectural profession. A mature use of technology is influencing the language of “post digital” architecture.

Here a  total of nine posters, available for free in high res CMYK A3 .pdf files for print and low res RGB .jpg for web and screens.

Charles Morris argues that in every language the study of semiotics is discernible in three different fields: Semantics, Pragmatics and Syntax:

  • Semantics is the study of relations between the system of signs and their meanings.
  • Pragmatics is the study of the relations of signs to interpreters, and in architecture the relationship between the sign and the behavior it engenders.
  • Syntax (syntactics) is then defined as the study of the formal relations between signs; this field of analysis makes the study of signs possible, with particular reference to their relations with each other, by excluding from the survey both their meanings and functions.

The language of architecture has evolved along with the human race and in accordance with its needs, giving more weight at different times to each of these three aspects.

Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) projects and philosophy have had wide spread success in recent years. Working on these posters gave me the opportunity to understand how their approach affects the finished architecture and in particular more about the syntax of their projects. Indeed syntax is one of the formal aspects that, in our opinion, characterizes many of Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG)’s works compared to the work of previous generations of architects. Their projects generate a syntactic evolution transpired by the will to find new solutions for environmental, social, economic and technological problems.


by Big Block

Looking sharp. 

Here’s What You Need to Save a Book

Follow the link to learn about the tools that professional conservators use to maintain rare and priceless books.

Photo by Mark Thiessen for National Geographic.


Henriette Ronner-Knip (Dutch, 1821 - 1909): A curiosity for music (via Christie’s)